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date: 19 November 2019


  • Sandra Sider


Group of 13 African American artists founded in New York City in 1963 by Romare Bearden, Norman Lewis and Hale Woodruff . Spiral was an informal group of African American artists who assembled to discuss the art market and Civil Rights issues, among other topics; “Spiral” symbolized outward and upward movement. All three founders were well known among African American artists in New York; Woodruff was already famous in the 1940s, being one of the first professors of studio art in Georgia. He taught at Atlanta University, where he was instrumental in building their collection of African American art, and at Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA. Woodruff came to New York to teach in the Department of Art Education at New York University. The other members were Charles (“Spinky”) Alston (Bearden’s cousin by marriage), Emma Amos (the only woman), Calvin Douglass (b 1931), Perry Ferguson, Reginald Gammon (1921–2005), Alvin (“A. C.”) Hollingsworth (...

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