- Gordon Campbell
Type of ornamentation produced by impressing upon porcelain-glass in a soft state figures which are made visible by transmitted light. When back-lit, a three-dimensional picture appears, Lithophanes were made at the Berlin Porcelain Factory (from 1827) and at Meissen Porcelain Factory (from 1828), and later in Gotha and Plaue; in England they were made at Minton Ceramic Factory, Copeland and Worcester. They were immensely popular in 19th-century Europe, where they were used as candle shields and fire screens, and as ornaments to be hung in windows. The Blair Museum of Lithophanes, in the Botanical Garden in Toledo, OH, holds more than 2300 lithophanes....