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Hick, Jacquelinelocked

(b Adelaide, Dec 8, 1919; d Adelaide, May 11, 2004).
  • Paula Furby

Australian painter, printmaker, enamellist and teacher. Hick studied at the Girls’ Central Art School and South Australian School of Arts and Crafts (SASAC) (1934–7) and Adelaide Teachers College (1939–40). She later taught at SASAC between 1941–5 and 1962–4. Hick was a leader in the modernization of South Australian cultural life in the 1940s. She was a founder-member of the Contemporary Art Society (CAS) and the Adelaide Theatre Group. She helped to revive printmaking in Adelaide and she also exhibited jointly with Jeffrey Smart in Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney and with the CAS, the Royal South Australian Society of Arts and with Dorrit Black’s Group 9.

Hick studied and travelled in London and the Continent in 1948–50 and made a study tour of the USA in 1968. She then lived in Adelaide except for 12 years in Brisbane between 1978–90. Her work is figurative, often with humorous or trenchant social comment. Her major theme was the dispossession of indigenous Australians. Hick’s art is notable for its technical brilliance and depth of feeling expressed (e.g. Pas de Trois, 1964; Adelaide, A.G. S. Australia). Hick served on the Board of the Art Gallery of South Australia (1968–75) and the Council of the National Gallery of Australia (1982–5).

Hick had 26 solo exhibitions at galleries throughout Australia and a retrospective at the Royal South Australian Society of Arts Gallery, Adelaide in 1994. Significant group exhibitions include the Contemporary Art Society of Australia Anti-Fascist exhibition (1942–3), the National Exhibition of Art ‘Australia’ at War (1945) and several 1960s survey exhibitions of Australian art.

She won many awards: the Dunlop Prize (1955), the Cornell Prize (1958, 1960), the Melrose Prize (1959), the Caltex Prize (1960), the Esso Atlantic Prize (1961) and the Maude Vizard-Wholohan Prize (1962, 1964). Hick became a Fellow of the Royal South Australian Society of Arts in 1953 and a Member of the Order of Australia (OAM) in 1995. Major works by Hick are held by all Australian state art museums and the National Gallery of Australia.


  • ‘The Genius of Goya in Los Caprichos’, Kalori, 2/1 (1961)
  • ‘Exhausted Technique’, Kalori, 16/1 (1978), p. 17


  • R. Biven: Some Forgotten … Some Remembered: Women Artists of South Australia (Adelaide, 1976)
  • A. Carroll: Graven Images in the Promised Land: A History of Printmaking in South Australia (Adelaide, 1981)
  • Aspects of Australian Figurative Painting 1942–1962, Dreams, Fears and Desires (exh. cat. by C. Dixon and T. Smith, Sydney, S. H. Ervin Gallery, 1984)
  • Adelaide Angries: South Australian Painting of the 1940s (exh. cat. by J. Hylton, Adelaide, A.G. S. Australia, 1989)
  • A. Dutkiewicz and S. Schrapel: Jacqueline Hick (Adelaide, 1994)
  • J. Kerr, ed.: Heritage: The National Women’s Art Book (Roseville East, 1995), pp. 258, 372
  • In Context: Australian Women Modernists (exh. cat. by P. Furby; Adelaide, Flinders U. S Australia, A. Mus., 2000)