- Wen Fong
[ Chu Ta ; Chuanqi ; hao Bada Shanren, Pa-ta Shan-jen ]
(b 1626, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province; d 1705).
Chinese painter and poet . A descendant of the imperial Zhu family of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and a leading artist of the early Qing period (1644–1911), Zhu Da painted flowers, birds and landscapes in a distinctive and highly dramatic calligraphic style ( see fig. ). His connections with the previous dynasty led him to flee Nanchang after the Manchu conquest of China in 1644. Adopting the sobriquet Chuanqi, Zhu Da became a Buddhist priest and soon a respected Buddhist master, quickly attaining the position of abbot. He also became an accomplished poet and painter; his earliest extant work is an album of 15 leaves (1659; Taipei, N. Pal. Mus.). In 1672, after the death of his Buddhist master, Abbot Hong min, Zhu Da reliquished his solitary monastic existence to pursue his fortune as an itinerant monk-artist. He joined the coterie of Hu Yitang, magistrate of Linchuan County, and participated in the splendid poetry parties held in ...