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date: 17 August 2019

Zavara [Zavāra ; Zawareh]locked

  • S. J. Vernoit


[Zavāra ; Zawareh]

Small town in central Iran. According to the geographer Yaqut (d 1229), Zavara existed in Sasanian times, and ancient fortifications and a fire temple could be seen there in the medieval period, but the town is now known for two mosques. The congregational mosque (1135–6) is the earliest extant example of the standard type of Iranian mosque, with four iwans grouped around a court and a dome behind the qibla iwan. It is rectangular in plan and has a side entrance, minaret and barrel-vaulted roof supported by piers. The elaborately carved stucco mihrab was redone in 1156–7, at the same time that the mosque in nearby Ardistan was revamped. The four-iwan plan links the congregational mosque at Zavara with others in a regional group centred in Isfahan ( see Islamic art, §II, 5(i)(b) ). The smaller Pa Minar Mosque (‘Mosque at the foot of the minaret’) is notable for its early minaret (...

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