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date: 05 December 2019

Wheatstone, Sir Charles locked

(b Gloucester, Feb 6, 1802; d Paris, Oct 19, 1875).
  • J. P. Ward

Extract

(b Gloucester, Feb 6, 1802; d Paris, Oct 19, 1875).

English physicist and photographic inventor . He began his career as a musical instrument maker and was professor of Experimental Physics at King’s College, London, by 1834. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1838 and was knighted in 1868. He is usually remembered for contributions to acoustics and electric telegraphy, but his interests also included optics and photography. From 1832 he established the principle of stereoscopy and constructed the first stereoscopes. In 1838 Wheatstone presented a long paper on the subject, which discussed his discovery that an illusion of a three-dimensional object could be produced from two slightly different flat pictures viewed simultaneously, one by each eye. He called the instrument that he devised to view the pictures the stereoscope. Although it was received enthusiastically, interest in the stereoscope was purely scientific until the invention of photography. Wheatstone then persuaded his close associate William Henry Fox Talbot, and later ...

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