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Wettin, House of familylocked

  • Jeffrey Chipps Smith,
  • Werner Arnold,
  • Volker Helas,
  • Anna Bentkowska,
  • Gerald Heres
  •  and Ingrid Sattel Bernardini


German family of rulers, collectors and patrons ( see fig. ). Different branches ruled as dukes and electors of Saxony, kings of Poland and, from the early 19th to the early 20th century, as kings of Saxony. Frederick, Margrave of Meissen, was awarded the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenburg in 1423, which he ruled (1423–8) as Frederick I, Elector of Saxony. His son Frederick II (reg 1428–64) succeeded him and was succeeded in turn by his sons (1) Ernest, Elector of Saxony, and (2) Albert, Duke of Saxony, who, at his command, ruled jointly until 1485, when they divided the House of Wettin and its lands into the Ernestine and Albertine branches. Ernest’s son (3) Frederick III, Elector of Saxony, was a notable patron of the arts, commissioning a new palace and church and filling the latter with reliquaries and paintings by such artists as Lucas Cranach the elder. Albert’s son ...

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Neue deutsche Biographie (Berlin, 1953–)
U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]
Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, 56 vols (Leipzig, 1875–1912)