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date: 15 December 2019


  • J. V. S. Megaw
  •  and M. Ruth Megaw


Iron Age site on the edge of the Hunsrück-Eifel in the Mainz–Bingen district, Germany. Found by chance in 1869 ( see also Prehistoric Europe §VI 2., (iii) ), the burial mound was originally thought to be a double burial. In fact this mound, the latest by at least a generation of the rich chieftains’ graves of the Rhineland, contained the burial of a woman. Among the artefacts in the grave was a spouted, swollen-bellied bronze flagon, perhaps an heirloom. The flagon has a bearded head on the handle attachment, a horse on the lid and four bands of finely punched compass-based plant decoration in the Early style of Celtic art around the body. There was also an Italic bell situla (wine bucket), probably of Tarentine origin, dated to c. 380–370 or, more likely, c. 340–320 bc. The grave also contained a gold neck-ring, three gold arm-rings, bronze and lignite ornaments and a large number of horse trappings and chariot fittings. Most of these are decorated in the ...

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