- Ye. I. Kirichenko
( Lavrent’yevitch )
(b St Petersburg, 1787; d St Petersburg, 1855).
Russian painter and architect. He studied at the St Petersburg Academy of Arts (1802–7) under Grigory Ugryumov, for whom he later worked as an assistant (1807–12). His work, which shows his teacher’s influence, explores biblical, mythological and historical themes, as in the Killing of Patriarch Germogen the St Peter Released from Prison, for which he was made an academician (1815). His landscapes and particularly his portraits are in the Romantic style. In 1813, inspired by a competition to build a church in Moscow to commemorate Russia’s deliverance from the French invasion, he retrained as an architect and submitted the winning entry. Work on Vitberg’s design for the church of Christ the Redeemer (Khram Khrista Spasitelya) began in 1825, but was abandoned the following year. The victim of an intrigue, he was disgraced and exiled to Vyatka. His work in the town includes the monumental gates (...