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Uruguay, Eastern Republic of [Republica Oriental del Uruguay].locked

  • José Pedro Barrán,
  • Cheryl Jiménez Frei,
  • Renzo Pi Hugarte,
  • Angel Kalenberg,
  • Christopher Hartop
  •  and Alicia Haber


[Republica Oriental del Uruguay]

South American country. It is on the east coast of the continent, bounded to the south and east by the estuary of the Río de la Plata (River Plate) and the south Atlantic, to the west by the River Uruguay and Argentina and to the north by Brazil. With an area of c. 187,000 sq. km, Uruguay is one of the smallest countries in South America, and 87% of its population is urban, over one third living in the capital city, Montevideo, a port situated on the Río de la Plata (see fig.). Through this river and its tributaries, the Uruguay and Paraná rivers, Uruguay is at the entrance to a vast navigable river system, and Montevideo is one of the ports of entry to Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, and the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. Physically, the country consists of undulating grass plains on granite, with chains of low hills. The climate is temperate and humid; agriculture and dairy production dominate in the south, but stock-rearing occupies much of the land in the north and center. Uruguay was colonized by Spain after ...

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