- W. Iain Mackay
(Tulio Escipión )
(b Cajamarca, April 1, 1875; d Cajamarca, June 12, 1957).
Peruvian painter. Having worked as a journalist, administrator, teacher and farmer, he took up oil painting around the age of 30. Urteaga seems to have been self-taught, using such poor quality materials as old sugar sacks and cheap pigments, as well as making his own brushes. His scenes of the lives of northern Andean Indians are colourful. Their naïve though detailed execution has been described as primitive and unacademic, and has been likened to that of Henri Rousseau. His spontaneity and topicality are reminiscent of the caricatures of Pancho Fierro, yet his representation of the indigenous peoples of Peru and their daily life is serious; he was the first painter to portray Indian people without patronizing them, as can be seen in the Adobe Makers (1937; priv. col.) and Return of the Peasants (Lima, Mus. A.). A retrospective exhibition of his work was held at the Banco de la Nación, Lima, in ...