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date: 16 December 2019

United States of Americalocked

  • Kathryn Greenthal,
  • Marcus Whiffen,
  • Leland M. Roth,
  • Karol Ann Peard Lawson,
  • Edward J. Nygren,
  • Henry T. Hopkins,
  • Joan Marter,
  • Marvin D. Schwartz,
  • Oscar P. Fitzgerald,
  • Ellen Paul Denker,
  • Jane Shadel Spillman,
  • Gerald W. R. Ward,
  • Charles J. Semowich,
  • Diane L. Fagan Affleck,
  • A. M. Zrebiec,
  • Courtney Ann Shaw,
  • J. Heinritz Bidner,
  • Judith Zilczer,
  • A. Deirdre Robson,
  • Arthur D. Efland,
  • Sarah Scott Gibson,
  • Anne Blecksmith
  •  and Shana Gallagher Lindsay


Country composed of 50 states, 48 of them contiguous and stretching between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and between the borders of Canada to the north and Mexico to the south (see fig.). Of the other two states, Alaska is on the north-western tip of the North American land mass, while Hawaii comprises a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, c. 3800 km off the western American coast (for a full discussion see Hawaii). The total land mass of the USA is c. 9,370,000 sq. km. Its rich and varied array of natural resources, including minerals, oils, forests and fertile soil, led to its rapid development and prosperity, especially in the 19th and 20th centuries. The country became the United States of America in 1781 during the American Revolution. The first inhabitants of North America, however, came c. 15,000 bce from Asia in a series of migrations across the Bering Strait and established distinct cultural and linguistic units (...

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