(regc. 1332–c. 1323 bc). Ancient Egyptian king of the late 18th Dynasty. His virtually intact Theban tomb (numbered KV 62) was discovered at the Valley of the Kings, in 1922, by Howard Carter. The art of Tutankhamun’s reign epitomizes the immediate post-Amarna style. The significance of his tomb’s contents (Cairo, Egyp. Mus.) for the cultural history of Ancient Egypt is still largely unstudied. Few of these artefacts—ranging from chariots to canopic vases—have been dealt with as works of art, and many are characterized by excessively ambitious design because of attempts to incorporate a plethora of religious symbols into the structure of a single item, a tendency particularly evident in the jewellery and the ceremonial calcite vessels. The technical precision evinced in the execution of these designs is, however, generally high, as Aldred has demonstrated for the gold work (see fig.).
Tutankhamun was probably born in el-Amarna (the city founded by ...