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date: 23 February 2020

Turino di Sanolocked

(fl Siena, 1382–1427).
  • Elinor M. Richter


(fl Siena, 1382–1427).

Italian sculptor and goldsmith. He was married in 1382 and had three sons: Barna, a wood-carver; Lorenzo (b 1407; fl 1456), a goldsmith; and Giovanni, or Nanni (c. 1385–1455), who was also a sculptor and goldsmith. Mentioned in Pisa in 1394, Turino di Sano’s earliest documented work in Siena was the design of an engraved seal with the image of the Virgin (1410; untraced). In 1413 he was commissioned to execute a silver statue of St Crescentius (untraced) for Siena Cathedral.

On 16 April 1417 he and his son Giovanni di Turino were authorized to design two bronze reliefs for the Siena Baptistery font (in situ), which were not delivered until July 1427. The two reliefs depict the Birth of St John the Baptist (c. 1417–18) and St John the Baptist Preaching (c. 1419–20) and are both relatively conservative in design and eclectic in nature. Evident familiarity with current developments in Florence can be seen in the ...

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U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]