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date: 07 December 2019

Tepe, Alfredlocked

(b Amsterdam, 1840; d Düsseldorf, 1920).
  • Helen Searing


(b Amsterdam, 1840; d Düsseldorf, 1920).

Dutch architect. He studied at the Bauakademie in Berlin (1861–4), then followed courses in mathematics at the University of Münster. Tepe rejected the classical training of the academy in favour of a close investigation of medieval architecture. From 1865 to 1867 he was apprenticed to Vincenz Statz at the Dombauhütte of Cologne Cathedral. In 1872 Tepe settled for the next 12 years in Utrecht, then moved to nearby Rijsenburg until c. 1900. Thereafter he spent the remainder of his life in Germany. During a period of expansion in the Church, Tepe, a Roman Catholic, designed c. 70 churches between 1872 and 1905, all in Gothic Revival style, employing local brick to create buildings that fitted sensitively into the existing urban or rural context. At the outset of his career he established several types based on medieval examples in Rhineland and Westphalia with either the basilica or hall-church format. He designed the churches of St Maarten, Düsseldorf, and St Jozef, Elberfeld. In Utrecht he joined the St Barnulphus Guild, founded in ...

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U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]