(b Venice, March 3, 1705; d Venice, June 14, 1789).
Italian architect, civil engineer and art historian. As an architect he is best known for the small neo-Palladian church of S Maria Maddalena (La Maddalena; see below) in Venice; as an art historian he is acclaimed for his Vite dei più celebri architetti e scultori veneziani che fiorirono nel secolo decimosesto. He lived and worked almost entirely in Venice and was a member of the circle of artists and intellectuals who frequented the house of the British consul and connoisseur Joseph Smith.
Temanza’s father, Antonio Temanza, was an architect, as was his uncle, Giovanni Antonio Scalfarotto (1700–64), with whom he trained and who designed S Simeone Piccolo (1718–38), a building that has been described as a ‘blending of the Pantheon with Byzantium and Palladio’ (Wittkower, 1958). The construction of this church must have coincided with Temanza’s apprenticeship, and it provided him with an early introduction to a peculiarly Venetian strain of Neo-classicism. He also studied mathematics under Andrea Musale, professor at Venice University, and later with the renowned mathematician Giovanni Poleni at the University of Padua. He always felt indebted to Poleni, referring to him as ‘il mio dilettissimo precettore’ (...