[Amaral, Tarsila do]
(b Capivari, Sept 1, 1886; d São Paulo, Jan 17, 1973).
Brazilian painter. She spent her childhood on farms in the interior of São Paulo State, attended school in Barcelona, and later trained privately in São Paulo under the painter Pedro Alexandrino Borges (1864–1942). From 1920 to 1923 she attended the Académie Julian in Paris and studied with Emile Renard (1850–1930), André Lhôte, Albert Gleizes, and Fernand Léger. While briefly in São Paulo from June to December in 1922 she formed the Grupo dos Cinco with the painter Anita Malfatti (1896–1964) and the writers Menotti del Picchia, Mário de Andrade, and Oswald de Andrade, to the last of whom she was married at the time. Her close links to the local modernist movement are evident in the fusion of Brazilianism and internationalism of The Negress (1923; U. São Paulo, Mus. A. Contemp.), painted in Paris.
In 1924 she traveled through the old gold-rush towns of Minas Gerais with Mario de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade, other modernist companions and the French poet ...