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date: 19 September 2019

Tarquinia [Etrus. Tarchuna, Tarxna; Gr. Tarkunia; Lat. Tarquinii]locked

  • Marco Rendeli

Extract

[Etrus. Tarchuna, Tarxna; Gr. Tarkunia; Lat. Tarquinii]

Site of one of the most important Etruscan cities, on a hill c. 5 km from the Tyrrhenian coast and c. 92 km north-west of Rome. The modern town of Tarquinia, known as Corneto until 1922, is on a hill slightly to the west of the ancient site. The legendary founder of Tarquinia was Tarchon (Strabo: Geography V.cclxxix). During the Early Iron Age several small, dispersed settlements occupied the site, and the cemeteries associated with these, containing many cremation burials, have provided the most copious finds of any Etruscan centre of this period. During the 8th century bc the settlements combined and Tarquinia began to develop into a powerful Etruscan city state. The occurrence of more elaborate burials at this time (e.g. the Tomb of the Warrior) further suggests the emergence of a ruling élite. In the Orientalizing period large chamber tombs, for inhumation rather than cremation burial, began to be constructed, and a particularly important tomb-group of Orientalizing artefacts was found in the Bocchoris Tomb (...

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