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date: 21 October 2019

Sringa Verapuralocked

  • B. B. Lal

Extract

Site on the River Ganga in Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh, India. It dates to the last quarter of the first millennium bc, when a distinctive pottery known as Ochre Ware was in use. After a short break, it was reoccupied in the 10th century bc, when black-slipped, black-and-red and burnished grey wares constituted the characteristic ceramics. Around the 7th century bc Northern Black Polished Ware (see Indian subcontinent §VIII 5., (i)) came into use; a little later, a system of coinage was introduced, and burnt-brick structures began to be constructed. Thereafter, the site was continuously occupied to the 18th century ad.

The principal monument is a brick tank measuring over 250 m long and ascribable to the beginning of the Christian era. A unique example of early Indian hydraulic engineering, it was filled by diverting the waters of the Ganga through a series of channels and a silting chamber to the main storage tank, then into a smaller, circular tank. Both tanks were provided with staircases leading down to water level. An elaborate waste weir carried excess water back into the river. In order to ensure that the tank did not run dry during the hot summer months, wells in its bed provided ground water to supplement the stored water....

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