Spranger [Sprangher; Sprangers; Spranghers], Bartholomäus [Barthollomeus; Bartholomaeus; Bartholomeus]
- C. Höper
[Barthollomeus; Bartholomaeus; Bartholomeus]
(b Antwerp, March 21, 1546; d Prague, before Sept 27, 1611).
South Netherlandish painter, draughtsman, etcher and sculptor, active in Italy, Austria and Bohemia. With Hans von Aachen and Joseph Heintz (i), he was one of the most important artists at the Prague court of Emperor Rudolf II. He had a unique ability to combine the Netherlandish tradition and Italian influences, particularly the Roman brand of Mannerism, so as to achieve a style of his own that had a lasting influence on other artists in Prague. His sensually elegant yet intellectual paintings embody an ideal of beauty distinctive to the Rudolfine court.
The son of a merchant, he was apprenticed (1557) to Jan Mandijn, then spent a short time with Frans Mostaert (fl 1554–60) and must have studied (1563–4) with Cornelis van Dalem I—all three landscape painters. He also taught himself by copying engravings after Frans Floris and Parmigianino. On 1 March 1565 he left Antwerp for Paris, where he worked for six weeks in the studio of ...