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date: 10 December 2019

Souza, Francis Newtonlocked

(b Goa, April 12, 1924; d Mumbai, March 28, 2002).
  • Anis Farooqi

Extract

(b Goa, April 12, 1924; d Mumbai, March 28, 2002).

Indian painter and writer, active in Britain and the USA. After a difficult upbringing, he joined the Sir Jamshetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art, Bombay, in 1940 but was expelled in 1943. For a short period afterwards he was a member of the Communist Party of India and painted in a Social Realist idiom. In 1946–7 he initiated the Progressive Artists’ Group in Bombay, which promoted modernism in Indian art. By this time he had abandoned Social Realism and was influenced by European Expressionism. His work became known and in 1947 he won the award of the Bombay Art Society. In 1948 his work was represented in an exhibition of Indian art at Burlington House, London. The following year, after his paintings were removed from the Bombay Art Society and his flat was raided by the police to seize ‘obscene’ works, he decided to move to London, where he supported himself by painting and writing. Through Krishna Menon, the Indian High Commissioner to Britain, he received a commission to work on a series of murals in the Indian Students’ Bureau in London (since destr.); Menon also arranged an exhibition of his work at India House. In ...

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