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date: 01 April 2020

Sluter, Claus [Celoistre, Claux; de Slutere, Claes; de Slutere, Claves; Slutre, Claux] locked

(b Haarlem, c. 1360; d Dijon, before Feb 1406).
  • Sara Jane Pearman

Extract

[Celoistre, Claux; de Slutere, Claes; de Slutere, Claves; Slutre, Claux]

(b Haarlem, c. 1360; d Dijon, before Feb 1406).

Netherlandish sculptor, active in Burgundy. He formulated the 15th-century Burgundian style and strongly influenced northern Renaissance sculpture ( see fig.). The name Claes de Slutere van Herlam appears in the guild list of the Brussels stone-cutters and masons about 1379. After possibly training in a family workshop in Haarlem, his formal training probably took place after he arrived in Brussels. This would make a birth date of c. 1360 more probable than 1340, as has been suggested. The various changes in the spelling of Sluter’s name, his continued association with contemporaries in the guild list, and the influence of Brussels artists on his work, all indicate that he spent a considerable length of time there.

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