- Francis V. O’Connor
(b Santa Rosalía de Camargo, Dec 29, 1896; d Cuernavaca, Jan 6, 1974).
Mexican painter. From the start of his career he alternated between political and artistic activity. His radical approach to art and his creation of new mural techniques made him one of the most influential figures on younger generations of international mural artists.
He enrolled in architecture, painting and drawing classes at the Academia de S Carlos in Mexico City in 1911 and spent his first year there participating in a student strike organized to protest against outdated teaching methods. He studied plein-air painting at the new Santa Anita school, and he became involved in the students’ political conspiracy against the Mexican dictator Victoriano Huerta (1913). The following year, as the Revolution continued, he joined the constitutionalist army of President Carranza, rising to a position on its general staff. His interest in art continued throughout the Revolution; a member of the Congreso de Soldados-Artistas in Guadalajara, in 1919 he was sent to Paris (where he first met Diego Rivera) by the government, both as a military attaché and as an artist on a scholarship. After prolonging his stay in Europe, Siqueiros returned to Mexico from Italy in ...