County in Anhui Province, China, near the city of Huainan. Many remains of the Eastern Zhou period (771–256 bc) have been found in the area, which throughout the 6th century bc and the beginning of the 5th was the subject of dispute between the principality of Cai (annexed 447 bc), the state of Wu (destr. 473 bc) and the state of Chu, the final victor.
At the county seat, Shou xian, a small walled town near the River Huai, a large quantity of significant bronzes were recovered from a tomb discovered in 1955 and attributed to the Marquis Zhao of Cai, who ruled from 518 to 491 bc. The tomb yielded 486 bronzes, including about 100 ritual vessels and bells (see fig.), as well as objects in jade and bone, fragments of lacquer and ornaments in repoussé with gold leaf. The collection is valuable primarily for its inscriptions, which permit the identification, despite some controversy, of the deceased, the dating of the bronzes and the association of certain examples with the terminology used for them at the time, and the tracing of matrimonial links between the states of Cai and Wu and relations between Cai and Chu....