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Shen Zhou [Shen Chou; zi Qi’nan; hao Shitian]locked

(b Xiangcheng, nr Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, 1427; d Xiangcheng, 1509).
  • Richard Edwards

Extract

Chinese painter, calligrapher and poet. He is generally considered to be the leading literati master of his time, the artist to whom the establishment of the Wu school is most often and aptly attributed. Wu was the ancient geographical area centred on the city of Suzhou, where Shen Zhou lived all his life. Artists of the Wu tradition (not a school in the strict sense) were literati or scholar-amateurs who emphasized the importance and interdependence of poetry, painting and calligraphy. Their aesthetic ideals and aims were thus in direct contrast with those of the professional and court painters of the ...

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