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date: 22 October 2019

Seville [Sp. Sevilla; formerly Arab. Ishbīliya; Lat. Hispalis]locked

  • D. Fairchild Ruggles,
  • Alberto Villar Movellán,
  • Felipe Fernández-Armesto,
  • José Manuel Cruz Valdovinos,
  • Stephen Brindle,
  • Ana Marín Fidalgo
  •  and Vicente Lleó Cañal

Extract

[Sp. Sevilla; formerly Arab. Ishbīliya; Lat. Hispalis]

Spanish city with a port on the River Guadalquivir and capital of Andalusia, with a population of 704,000 (2006 estimate). After over five centuries of Islamic rule, the city returned to Christian hands in 1248. It reached its peak of prosperity in the 16th century as a result of the first Spanish contact with America in 1492.

The prehistoric settlement occupied by ancient Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, and Carthaginians (c. 237 bc) became a Roman settlement after the 2nd Punic War (ad 206). Called Hispalis, it was the capital of the most important Roman province, Hispania Ulterior (later Baetica). It was subsequently invaded by the Vandals (411–29), Suevi (441–56), and Visigoths (486–712), whose rule lasted, with only a brief interruption, until shortly after the Muslim invasion of Spain in 711. Although its people rebelled frequently against the central government of the Umayyad rulers of Córdoba (reg...

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[flourished]
Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden, 1954–)