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date: 17 November 2019

Sesostris III [Khakaure; Senusret III]locked

  • Claude Vandersleyen


[Khakaure; Senusret III]

Egyptian ruler of the 12th Dynasty. The brick pyramid of Sesostris III (for chronological chart of Egyptian kings see Egypt, ancient, fig.) at Dahshur is the only surviving evidence of his architectural activity. It has been possible to reconstruct the plan of a temple of Sesostris III at Madamud, and some blocks have been discovered at various sites in the Delta and Upper Egypt, but most of these are lintels and jambs of doors that opened into mud-brick walls. On two lintels and on the facings of a door from Madamud there are excellent reliefs showing the King (Paris, Louvre, and Cairo, Egyp. Mus.).

On the other hand, numerous statues and fragments (including more than 30 heads) have preserved the features of Sesostris III, confirming the iconographic evidence of the reliefs (see fig.). The physiognomy of the King is very characteristic, with globular eyes, bony eyebrow arches (without conventional eyebrows), hollow temples, protruding cheek-bones and a nose that is prominent, aquiline and thin. Furrows run from the inside corners of his eyes, between the cheek-bones and the nose; his mouth is surly; his lips are thin, their corners turned down; his chin is receding and flat....

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W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorff, eds: Lexikon der Ägyptologie (Wiesbaden, 1975–)