(b Paris, Nov 9, 1864; d Morlaix, Oct 6, 1927).
French painter and theorist. Son of a wealthy perfume and glove manufacturer, he was a star pupil at the Lycée Condorcet in Paris, early on showing a bent towards philosophy. Having little inclination for business, Sérusier was eventually allowed to follow his chosen career of art. He studied at the Académie Julian (1885–90), where his popularity and wide-ranging intellectual gifts led to his election as chief student monitor (massier). This position gave him a certain authority, which was increased when his painting of a Breton Weaver (1888; Senlis, Mus. A. & Archéol.) won an honourable mention at the Salon of 1888.
Sérusier’s encounter with Gauguin in Pont-Aven that year proved decisive in changing his stylistic direction away from a dark-toned naturalism towards a more arbitrary, anti-naturalistic use of colour and simplification of form. Under Gauguin’s direction he started to paint a small landscape from nature, the ...