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date: 21 November 2019

Sepulchre churchlocked

  • Robert Ousterhout


Any church that takes as its model the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem (see Jerusalem §II 2.). Numerous medieval copies of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre survive, indicative of the importance of Jerusalem and its sacred monuments in the Middle Ages (for a discussion of more symbolic representations of Christ’s Tomb itself situated within church buildings see Easter sepulchre). The feature most frequently (if loosely) copied was the Anastasis Rotunda, which marked the site of Christ’s Entombment and Resurrection. A medieval architectural copy clearly differs from a modern scientific replication: sepulchre churches often diverge dramatically in scale and form from the prototype. Significant parts were taken to represent the whole; forms were simplified, reproduced at a reduced scale, and translated into the local architectural idiom. Selected measurements might be retained, and often a copy of the Tomb aedicula appeared. Such schematic diagrams as the plans reproduced in the manuscripts of Adomnan (see for example Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., MS. 458, fol. 4...

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