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date: 20 September 2019

Schöngrabern, St Mariä Himmelfahrt [Mariae Geburt]locked

  • Martina Pippal

Extract

[Mariae Geburt]

Parish church 4 km north of Hollabrunn, Lower Austria, noted for its Romanesque sculpture. Dated on stylistic grounds to the second quarter of the 13th century, it originally had a rib-vaulted nave of two bays, a square chancel with a tower, and a semicircular apse. The tower was demolished in the 1780s, when the nave was extended and a west tower built, and the vaults were replaced with wood and stucco. From 1975 to 1977 the original altar was revealed and the presbytery vaulting constructed.

The reliefs on the apse exterior, the most extensive programme of high medieval Austrian sculpture, consist of architectural ornament and 12 reliefs. The apse is partitioned into three by half shafts, and the themes were carefully organized: the Fall and Redemption of Man on the south, Christ in Majesty and Pride on the east, and Lust and Purity on the north. The subject-matter and position of the reliefs are connected. The themes above the windows have definitive character: the ...

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