Show Summary Details

Page of

 Printed from Grove Art Online. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 19 August 2019

Scholar’s tablelocked

  • Zhou Lijun


Work table used by Chinese literati painters and calligraphers. The most important items found on the scholar’s table are the wenfang si bao (four treasures of the scholar’s studio): the inkstone, inkstick, brush and paper (see China, People’s Republic of §XIV 4.). In addition to the four treasures, the artist needed a variety of other utilitarian objects, such as brushpots, water holders, mixing dishes for the ink, an absorbant material to back Chinese paper and weights to hold the paper in position. The use of ink, brush and paper probably began in the Han period (206 bcad 220). In the Song period (960–1279) gentlemen–scholars took great interest in the antiquity of their scholar’s tables. The revival of Confucianism at this time was accompanied by a renewed interest in ancient objects, such as bronzes. The kilns at Yixing, Jiangsu Province, specialized in the production of small, red stoneware vessels fashioned in plant and animal shapes for the scholar’s table, and ...

Access to the complete content on Grove Art Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.