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date: 08 December 2019

San Giovenalelocked

  • Marco Rendeli


Site of an Etruscan town on a tufa plateau c. 15 km south-west of Viterbo, Italy. Some scholars have identified it as ancient Contenebra. Both the town and its necropoleis have been excavated by the Swedish Institute at Rome. The earliest evidence of habitation dates from the Middle Bronze Age, and by the Late Bronze Age there was a village of large oval huts. This was succeeded during the Early Iron Age by a village of similar oval-plan huts (see Etruscan, fig. b). The main building phase of the Etruscan town began around 700 bc and was characterized by houses with rectangular plans, tufa block foundations, walls of opus craticium (wattle and daub on a timber framework) and drainage channels. The plan of one house shows clear similarities with that of the Tomb of the Thatched Roof, Cerveteri (Caere; early 7th century bc), and pottery finds, both from the town and the necropoleis (the most important of which is the Porzarago), reveal strong Caeretan influences: like the nearby Tolfa mountains, San Giovenale probably came under the political and economic sway of Cerveteri. In the ...

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