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date: 19 October 2019

Salt, Sir Tituslocked

(b Leeds, Sept 20, 1803; d Bradford, Dec 21, 1876).
  • David Prout

Extract

(b Leeds, Sept 20, 1803; d Bradford, Dec 21, 1876).

English textile manufacturer and philanthropist. The son of Daniel Salt, a merchant and manufacturer of Wakefield, Yorks, he learnt his trade in the mills of Bradford. He achieved commercial success by pioneering the use of alpaca hair for textile manufacture in England. From 1851 to 1853 he constructed a massive mill, three miles north of Bradford on the River Aire above Shipley, at what became Saltaire, designed by the Bradford partnership of H. F. Lockwood (1811–78) and Richard Mawson (1834–1904). Around it Salt built a model industrial town, also to the designs of Lockwood and Mawson. Saltaire was planned on a regular grid of streets, and houses of different grades were Italianate in style. By 1854 there were 150 houses, by 1872 there were 820. Other facilities including a public dining-hall and Congregational Church (1859), schools, a public bath and wash house (1868...

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Dictionary of National Biography, 63 vols and suppls (London, 1885–)