- Alfonso Rodríguez Ceballos,
- Henri Pradalier,
- Stephen Brindle
- and José Manuel Cruz Valdovinos
Capital city of the province of Salamanca, Spain. It is on the River Tormes and has a population of c. 167,000. The city is renowned for its two cathedrals (see §2 below) and university.
Alfonso Rodríguez Ceballos
The origin of the city has become confused with the founding of an Iberian hill-fort on the hill of S Vicente between the 4th and 3rd centuries bc. Polybius mentions Salamanca, using the Greek name Helmantike, recalling its siege by Hannibal in 220 bc. The Romans incorporated it into Hispania, uniting it with the province of Lusitania and calling it Salmantica. They moved the centre of the settlement further east (now the site of the two cathedrals) and built the first wall and a fortification to guard the river crossing. The city could be reached by river or via the Puente Romano, which was rebuilt, possibly by Ulpius Trajanus, c.ad 89...