- M. N. Sokolov
(b St Petersburg, Feb 25, 1891; d Moscow, June 16, 1955).
Russian painter. She trained under Dmitry Kardovsky at the St Petersburg Academy of Arts (1912–18 and 1921–3). From 1923 she lived and worked in Moscow, and she was a member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR) from 1924. Typical of her early works is a detailed representation of everyday life in the spirit of the late work of the Wanderers, as in the painting In the Artist’s Studio (1927; Moscow, Tret’yakov Gal.). The dynamic element in her compositions gradually strengthened and she began to use sharp spatial shifts and abrupt foreshortening to express the emotional aspects of the social transformations in Russia. Her best-known painting, Ever Upwards! (Vsyo vyshe!; 1934; Kiev, Mus. Rus. A.), depicts a young man and woman, both riggers, climbing an electricity pylon; they are represented as the youthful spirits of love and labour. It became, along with Vera Mukhina’s sculpture ...