(b Leuven, c. 1450; d Brussels, 1531).
South Netherlandish painter. He was one of several glass painters known from the archives to have been working in Leuven at the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th. Their works were thought to have been lost until in the mid-20th century Helbig attributed to Rombouts a series of stained-glass windows in Belgium. Son of Gauthier Rombouts, Nicolaas learnt his trade from the glazier Nicolas van Goethem, called Yenen, and married the sister of another glazier, Hendrik van Diependaele (d 1509). Around 1485 Nicolaas settled in Brussels, where he became official glass painter to Philip the Fair, Margaret of Austria and Charles V.
Between 1481 and 1482 Rombouts executed, with his brother-in-law, a window in the chapel of Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe (dedicated to Spain) in Antwerp Cathedral; a little later he made a window for the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament in the same cathedral. Numerous commissions followed both from the royal family and from noble families such as the ...