(b Dresden, Sept 28, 1803; d Dresden, June 19, 1884).
German painter, printmaker and illustrator. He ranks with Moritz von Schwind as the most important representative of late Romantic painting and printmaking in Germany. In contrast to the work of such leading masters of early Romanticism as Philipp Otto Runge and Caspar David Friedrich, which was ambitious in content and innovative in form, Richter’s art was more modest in its aims, in line with the restrained intellectual climate of the Biedermeier period.
Richter came from a lower middle-class background and was first taught by his father, the copperplate engraver Carl August Richter (1770–1848). His early work consists of etched landscape views in the style of Adrian Zingg (1734–1816). In 1820–21 Richter accompanied the Russian Prince Narishkin on a journey to France as a veduta draughtsman, and then he lived in Italy from 1823 to 1826. He was in contact with the circle of the Lukasbrüder (Nazarenes) in Rome and was a pupil of the landscape painter ...