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date: 16 November 2019

Raysse, Martiallocked

(b Golfe-Juan, nr Cannes, Feb 12, 1936).
  • Alfred Pacquement

Extract

(b Golfe-Juan, nr Cannes, Feb 12, 1936).

French painter. He was a self-taught artist. His early works were assemblages which included plastic objects. This appropriation of prefabricated materials led to his association with Nouveau Réalisme, and in 1961 at the Paris Biennale he presented a work entitled Hygiene of Vision, which seemed to parody the shop window displays of cheap articles. Raysse exhibited a world, new, antiseptic and modern. His approach anticipated that of the Pop artists, who likewise used objects and images deriving from advertising. He also created transparent assemblages, enclosing everyday objects in plastic boxes, like a selection of samples of the outside world. He liked to exhibit the object in its own right and in its original purity.

In 1962 Raysse constructed an environment for the Dylaby exhibition in the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, called Raysse Beach, for which he re-created the summery atmosphere of holidays and of the beach, juxtaposing effigies of bathers, rubber rings, swimming pools and plastic toys, juke-boxes and parasols. He introduced a neon sign into an artificial setting that could be mistaken for the leisure section of a large store. He later used continuously flashing electric lights as living colours in sculptures recalling urban signs; among the recurring motifs that featured in these were hearts, arrows and flowers (for illustration ...

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