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date: 20 August 2019

Ramesses III [Usermaatre-meryamun]locked

  • Claude Vandersleyen

Extract

[Usermaatre-meryamun]

(regc 1187–c. 1156 bc). Egyptian ruler and patron. The principal surviving monuments of Ramesses III, the most important king of the 20th Dynasty, are his huge mortuary temple at Medinet Habu (see Thebes, §VII) and two small ‘bark-temples’ (shrines containing the divine bark), the entrance to one of which is today in the first court of the Temple of Amun in Karnak; the other is situated to the west of the sacred lake in the precinct of Mut (south Karnak). Ramesses III modelled himself on his great ancestor Ramesses II and the Medinet Habu temple could be said to be a faithful copy of Ramesses II’s mortuary temple, the Ramesseum. The temples of Ramesses III, like those of Ramesses II, are characterized by numerous statues of the King incorporated into the pillars in the courts. These are sometimes in the enshrouded form of the god Osiris (as in the temple at Karnak) and sometimes in royal regalia (as in the first court of Medinet Habu)....

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W. Helck, E. Otto and W. Westendorff, eds: Lexikon der Ägyptologie (Wiesbaden, 1975–)