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  • S. Leticia Talavera
  •  and P. Mariano Monterrosa


Mexican city in the state and valley of the same name. It is situated on the south-western slope of La Malinche volcano, 2162 m above sea-level, and it lies at the foot of the Loreto and Guadalupe hills by the River Atoyac. It has a population of c. 1 million. Puebla’s colonial architecture is among the most magnificent in Mexico. The city’s textile industry is also of national significance: the rebozos (Sp.: ‘stoles’) and serapes produced there are famous. Among its regional industries are the famous Tecali alabaster objects and Talavera pottery (see Mexico, United States of §IV). The city was founded in 1530 on a site known as Cuetlacoapa by Toribio de Benavente, better known as Father Motolinia, and was called Puebla de los Angeles. Built to a grid plan, the city developed rapidly, and by the 18th century Puebla was known for the fine quality of its flour, produced by hundreds of mills along the Atoyac, which was exported to the Antilles and Central America. In the 19th century ...

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