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Pingshan [P’ing-shan]locked

  • Colin Mackenzie

Extract

[P’ing-shan]

Site in Hebei Province, China, the capital of the ancient Chinese state of Zhongshan and the necropolis of its rulers. Zhongshan was established by the Di people during the Spring and Autumn period (722–481 bc). Overthrown in 406 bc, it was re-established in 378 bc, probably by descendants of the original ruling house or by a family related to the Zhou dynasty. Six large and mid-sized tombs were found in 1974, of which the largest, tombs 1 and 6, have been excavated. Tomb 1 has been identified as that of the ruler Cuo (or Xi; dc. 308 bc), while Tomb 6 belonged to a ruler of the previous generation. According to a bronze plaque found in it, Tomb 1 was designed to be the centrepiece of a walled mausoleum of five tombs, each surmounted by an earth mound and a funerary hall. Only tombs 1 and 2 were completed, however (...

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