- Angela Ghirardi
(bapt Bologna, June 28, 1529; d Bologna, June 3, 1592).
Italian painter, draughtsman, engraver and collector. His first biographer, Raffaele Borghini, records that he travelled to Rome with Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, returned briefly to Bologna, then made a second visit to Rome and stayed with Taddeo Zuccaro. Documentary evidence attests to his presence in Rome in June 1551. By 1560 Passarotti was established in Bologna, where he opened a workshop and joined the Compagnia delle Quattro Arti. His activity in these years as a prestigious portraitist of popes (e.g. portrait of Pope Gregory XIII Boncompagni; c. 1572; Gotha, Mus. Nat.) and Roman cardinals, mentioned by Borghini, and his interest in anticaglie (miscellaneous antiquities), for example those sent to him from Rome on 9 September 1572, indicate his continued links with the capital.
The earliest documented Bolognese paintings by Passarotti show a pictorial language rooted in Emilian soil, clearly influenced by Correggio and Parmigianino, and his anatomical interest in powerful, acrobatic figures appears to be derived from the Bolognese works of Pellegrino Tibaldi. On the other hand, his minute, lively illustration of detail is reminiscent of the Flemish tradition. During his youthful visits to Rome, he may have encountered northern Romanists such as Marten de Vos, active there in the 1550s. In Bologna the painting school opened by Denys Calvaert in ...