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date: 22 August 2019

Nilson, Johann Esaiaslocked

(b Augsburg, bapt Nov 2, 1721; d Augsburg, April 11, 1788).
  • Ebba Krull


(b Augsburg, bapt Nov 2, 1721; d Augsburg, April 11, 1788).

German miniature painter, draughtsman, engraver and print publisher. He was trained in painting miniatures by his parents, Rosina Barbara Nilson (c. 1691–1763) and Andreas Nilson (c. 1690–1751), as well as by Hieronymus Sperling (1695–1777), and in copper engraving by Johann Lorenz Haid. After his father’s death Johann inherited his artist’s rights and founded a printing house in 1751, where he published some 70 series of prints after his own and other people’s designs (e.g. by Johann Evangelist Holzer, Boucher, Johann Elias Ridinger and Georg Philipp Rugendas), engraved by himself and others. He was appointed to the Prussian court in 1752 and received a commission for miniature portraits of the first 12 Brandenburg Electors (Berlin, Kstbib. & Mus.; Munich, Staatl. Graph. Samml.; Augsburg, Maximilianmus.). His marriage to a pastor’s daughter in 1755 aided his ascent from craftsman status: in 1761 he was appointed court painter to ...

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U. Thieme and F. Becker, eds: Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols (Leipzig, 1907–50) [see also Meissner above]