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date: 15 December 2019

Native North American artlocked

  • Paul Apodaca,
  • Mick Gidley,
  • Deborah A. Middleton,
  • G. Lola Worthington,
  • Margaret Moore Booker,
  • Andrea Laforet,
  • Joanne Danford-Cordingly,
  • J. Garth Taylor,
  • Kate C. Duncan,
  • Marvin Cohodas,
  • Andrew Hunter Whiteford,
  • Christian F. Feest,
  • Edwin L. Wade,
  • Paula A. Baxter,
  • Carol Herselle Krinsky,
  • Aldona Jonaitis
  •  and Mary E. Graham


Term used for the indigenous artistic traditions of North America, both before and after European contact. The area covered in this survey includes present-day Canada, the United States and, at some periods, northern Mexico. The art of the Pre-Columbian Americas from Mexico southwards is discussed elsewhere in this dictionary (see Mesoamerica, Pre-Columbian, and South America, Pre-Columbian).

The arts of Native America are varied and reflect the diversity of regions, technological development, and historicity of cultures found throughout the Americas. The most complex cultural expressions of Native North American art are found in Mexico and these have influenced the arts of the American Southeast and Southwest. The traditional arts of the Arctic, Subarctic, Northwest Coast, and Great Lakes area developed as reflections of the regions and its peoples while the Northeast benefited from the spread of agriculture technology from Mexico, largely in the form of corn, that produced large populations whose combined efforts produced innovations that combine influences from the north and south....

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