(b London, 1752; d E. Cowes, Isle of Wight, May 13, 1835).
English architect and urban planner. Immensely prolific, he enjoyed the patronage of George IV, and the architecture of the Regency period is particularly associated with his work. He followed the ideas of the Picturesque movement and produced some of its best-known and most influential architectural effects at Blaise Hamlet, near Bristol, the Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and Regents Park and Regent Street, London.
Nash was the son of a Lambeth millwright and came from a family of Welsh origins. He spent some time in the office of Robert Taylor in London before setting up practice as a speculative builder and architect in 1774 or 1775. In 1777–8 he designed and built a pair of palazzo-fronted houses in Bloomsbury Square, London (Nos 16–17: now the German Historical institute), and an adjoining row of smaller houses in Great Russell Street, into one of which he moved. These houses were notable for their precocious use of stucco, but the speculation failed, and, following the collapse of a disastrous first marriage, Nash went bankrupt in ...