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date: 21 September 2019


  • Ann Macy Roth


(regc. 2490–c. 2472 bc). Egyptian king of the 4th Dynasty (c 2475–c. 2465 bc), whose pyramid was the third and smallest of the group at Giza (see Giza, §1). The tomb of Mycerinus may have actually been more extravagant than those of his predecessors, since he seems to have intended to case it entirely in red granite. However, he died before the pyramid could be completed, and its upper courses were cased in limestone, while the attached temple complex was finished in mud brick by his successor, Shepseskaf (regc. 2472–c. 2465 bc).

Mycerinus’ complex, as was typical for the period, consisted of a mortuary temple at the base of the pyramid’s eastern face, a valley temple at the western edge of the cultivated fields and a causeway connecting the two (for a plan of the temple see...

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