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Mori, Yoshitoshilocked

(b Tokyo, October 31, 1898; d May 29, 1992).
  • Arlette P. Kouwenhoven

Japanese printmaker and textile dyer. He graduated from the Kawabata School of Fine Arts in 1923 and later studied under Muneyoshi Yanagi and the textile dyer Keisuke Serizawa. After working on dyed textiles for 30 years, Yoshitoshi gradually shifted to the creation of stencil prints in the late 1950s. He developed a new and distinctive style that combined stencil printing (kappazuri), traditionally applied to textiles, and stencil dyeing (katazome). He entered one of his first prints, Kure no ichi (‘Year End Market’; 1957) in the 1st International Biennale of Prints in Tokyo (1957). The final choice between Yōzō Hamaguchi and Yoshitoshi aroused a famous debate about Japanese versus Western values. Yoshitoshi’s prints show a strong interest in kabuki theatre, which was probably due to his having been brought up by his aunt Kin Harada, who was a teacher of kabuki chanting. He also favoured folklore, village life and historical subjects, such as the Kamakura-period (1185–1333) Heike monogatari (‘The Tale of the Heike’; 1970–76; Tokyo, N. Mus. Mod. A.)

Bibliography

  • Mori Yoshitoshi Kappa Ban [Stencil prints of Mori Yoshitoshi]: 70th Anniversary of Artistic Achievement Mori Yoshitoshi Exhibition (exh. cat., Leiden, Rijksmus. Vlkenknd., 1985) [bilingual text]