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date: 18 September 2019

Morelli [Morell], Giovanni (Lorenzo) [Lermolieff, Ivan [Iwan]; Schäffer, Nicholas [Nicolaus]] locked

(b Verona, Feb 25, 1819; d Bergamo, Feb 28, 1891).
  • Jaynie Anderson


(Lorenzo) [Lermolieff, Ivan [Iwan]; Schäffer, Nicholas [Nicolaus]]

(b Verona, Feb 25, 1819; d Bergamo, Feb 28, 1891).

Italian politician, writer, collector and art historian. He was by birth an Italian, by parentage and education a Swiss Protestant, having attended the Kantonschule at Aarau (1826–32), and by intellectual development a German, having studied medicine and comparative anatomy at the universities of Munich and Erlangen (1833–8). An anonymous watercolour (c. 1835; Bergamo, Zavaritt priv. col.) depicts him in his undergraduate lodgings at Munich, surrounded by anatomical drawings, hung skeletons and shelves of books, including a first edition of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s works and textbooks by the French comparative anatomist Georges Cuvier. Morelli qualified as a doctor with Ignatius Döllinger, an influential biologist, but never practised clinical medicine. His real scientific interest was in comparative anatomy. Other interests are demonstrated by his publication, under the pseudonym Nicholas Schäffer, of Balvi Magnus (Munich, 1836/R 1991), a parody of iconographical method as practised by the archaeological faculty at Munich, written to entertain an artists’ beer-drinking society. At Munich he made lasting contacts with artists such as Wilhelm Kaulbach and Buonaventura Genelli. In ...

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