- Ismael Gutiérrez Pastor
(b Saragossa, Dec 6, 1600; d Saragossa, Jan 6, 1682).
Spanish painter, engraver and writer. He was a son of the Flemish painter Daniel Martínez (d 1636), with whom he first trained, following late Mannerist trends. In 1623 he went to Italy, and in 1625 he was in Rome, where he met Guido Reni, Domenichino and, shortly afterwards in Naples, Jusepe de Ribera. This contact with Italian classicism and naturalism influenced his work, and he always maintained a preference for classical balance and structure. He combined this with chromatic tones and a chiaroscuro that became progressively softer. The extensive documentation on Martínez deals only intermittently with his paintings, and it is not always possible to trace his stylistic development. His earliest recorded work is the series of five engravings on the Life of St Pedro Nolasco (c. 1625), which were engraved in Rome by Johann Friedrich Greuter (d 1662) after Martínez’s drawings (untraced). In ...