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date: 19 August 2019

Márffy, Ödönlocked

(b Budapest, Nov 30, 1878; d Budapest, Dec 3, 1959).
  • Mária Szobor-Bernáth

Extract

(b Budapest, Nov 30, 1878; d Budapest, Dec 3, 1959).

Hungarian painter. He studied in Paris at the Académie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts between 1902 and 1904. In 1906 he exhibited at the Salon d’Automne. He was influenced by Fauvism and especially by Matisse. In 1907 he returned to Hungary, where he became a member of Eight, the and exhibited with them from 1909 until they disbanded in 1912. During this period his paintings emphasize the structural components of the composition. In certain pictures, for example the Old Customs at Vác (c. 1910; Budapest, N.G.), thick contours delimit balanced forms; in others (e.g. Constructivist Self-portrait, c. 1914; Budapest, N.G.), the same contours become lines of force dividing the composition into turbulent surfaces. The early paintings Forest Path and Green Room (both 1910; Budapest, N.G.) show the influence of both Cézanne and van Gogh, respectively. From 1919 Márffy responded to Post-Impressionism and the Ecole de Paris, developing his own style only in the 1930s, when he abandoned painting from direct observation. He used sensuous opal colours that blur the content, but he retained a strict compositional formula, as in ...

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